Rosenbaum et al (2018) evaluated the neurophysiological correlates of the Attention Training Technique (ATT). More specifically they aimed to evlauate the effect of the componenets of ATT (selective attention, attention switching, and divided attention) in comparison to a control task. Increased blood oxygen in the right inferior frontal gyrus, right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and superior parietal lobule were observed during the ATT but not control condition.
Research Highlight: Bright et al (2018) validated the MCQ-30 in an at risk for psychosis population. A comprehensive range of psychometric tests including confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses, found that the original 5-factor structure of the MCQ-30 was a good fit for this sample.
The trial protocol for the PATHWAY study which is evaluating group-based metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression in cardiac patients has recently been published in the Springer-Nature journal TRIALS. You can access a free copy of the paper: here: http://rdcu.be/KAbL
For updates on the trial you can follow the study at www.mct-pathway.com and find the study on twitter (@mctpathway)
Rochat, Manolov & Billieux (2017) conducted a meta-analysis of single case studies to evaluate the efficacy of MCT in improving mental health. 14 studies were included. MCT was found to have a large effect on depression and anxiety. At follow up 77% of patients were considered recovered or maintained treatment gains.
Overall MCT was found to significantly contribute to improving mental health outcomes.
For the full article click here: https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22567
A recent study provides further evidence that the Attention Training Technique can improve delay of gratification in young children. Such delay is considered important because other studies have shown that delay of gratification predicts psychological and healht outcomes later in life.
Read the full article here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2018.02.003
Capobianco, Morris & Wells (2018) compared the effects of worry, rumination and distraction on affective and physiological recovery from stress. Skin conductance was used to evaluate physiological recovery from stress. Skin conductance was used to evaluate physiological recovery and a self-report measure, the positive and negative afffect scale (PANAS), was used to evaluate mood. Rumination appeared to cause a prolonged recovery from stress on physiological (skin conductance) but not self-report measures.
Capobianco, Morrison & Wells (2017) conducted an experimental manipulation of negative metacognitive beliefs to evaluate the effect of thought importance (negative metacognitive belief) on stress responses. All participants underwent a fake EEG where they were told that the EEG would detect negative thoughts. The experimental subjects were informed that if they had a negative thought they may be exposed to a contingent burst of loud noise, while the control condition was told that they may be exposed to a burst of loud noise at random.
Capobianco & Wells (2017) recently wrote a letter to the editor regarding the importance of labelling psychological therapies appropriately, in particular the use of metacognitive therapy (MCT; Wells, 2000) and metacognitive training (MCT+; Moritz, Veckenstedt, Bohn,Köther, Woodward, 2013). The authors raise the importance of not intermixing titles of psychological therapies when the treatments are different as it can lead to confusion for not only researchers but patients as well.
The most common treatment approaches for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR).Although both treatments have shown to be effective for PTSD approximately 30-45% of patients show no significant improvements. Therefore, further improvement can be made to treating PTSD. Nordahl, Halvorsen, Hjemdal, Ternava & Wells (2018) will be conducting a randomized superiority trial comparing MCT vs EMDR for PTSD.
Dr Robin Bailey, a senior lecturer at the University of Central Lancashire wrote an article on co-rumination. Dr. Bailey highlighted the negative impacts of co-rumination and the benefits of theraputic treatments like MCT.
For the full article follow the link: https://theconversation.com/when-it-comes-to-mental-health-a-problem-sha...